Solar Mounting Frames

By | February 2, 2021

steel oem 

Installing a solar power method can be a challenging job. I generally have about 500 watts in solar panels setup on my stand which implies I have five panels total. We’re completely off-grid and hookup-free of charge right here at Gnomad Home, and with no sunlight we can’t perform, or charge our phones, or write these epic vanlife guides And with our roof-mounted solar panels , we had no way to charge up our batteries with no parking the van directly in the sun. And you do not want to set up the solar array proper up to the edge of the roof. Do the exact same calculation for the number of panels across the width of the roof (336 inches ÷ 40 inch panels = 8 panels or eight columns across the horizontal width of the roof. But when it comes to your solar mounting possibilities, one size does not fit all. If you demand a total technique please go to our Triangle Tilt Mounting System page or you can get in touch with us anytime with your needs and we can tailor a program to your needs. All solar mounting systems have a limit on developing height, generally 10m, at times 20m. Hybrid marine power options which includes solar energy save fuel, lessen pollution and are cost effective. We bought a solar panel tilt mount from Amazon, but it just did not do what we necessary it to. This mount was developed for fixed mounting on a roof, so it did not very easily fold up for storage – we had to unscrew and screw in many wingnuts to set it up and break it down. 32 There may possibly also be occupational hazards of solar panel installation and upkeep. Roof-mounted systems are a excellent choice – there is a wide variety of components and systems out there to custom-match nearly any module configuration to practically any roof – flat or pitched, constructing heights of up to 200m. Right here are the top 3 items that you want to know about ground-mounted solar panels. See our ‘Compare Solar Panels’ page for info on how heat affects solar pv performance. For example, the present accessory mounting brackets or catches can be secured to conventional roof clamps such as those disclosed in the following U.S. Pat. The Renogy Solar Panel Pole Mount is created for off-grid applications when mounting to a roof is not excellent. The Terragrif is attached in the module’s frame and on the mounting method. Every of the modules’ frames should have its own earth cable (in six mm²) connected to the main earthing cable (>= 10 mm²), whilst avoiding the creation of a modest bridge in between the modules’ frames. 16. The floating assistance structure of claim 1, wherein stated coupling hardware involves a splice disposed among stated E-W frame members of adjoin array modules, stated splice configured and contoured to conform closely to the sides of said E-W frame members, wherein said E-W frame members contain spaced-apart frame member insertion elements that cooperate with at least 1 corresponding splice insertion element disposed on said splice, such that as stated splice is slidably mated to and among said E-W frame members of adjoining array modules, a frame member insertion element engages a corresponding splice insertion element to retain said splice and avert it from becoming pulled apart from mentioned frame member, and wherein said splice can then be additional translated along said frame member and into further engagement with stated frame member until mentioned splice insertion element engages said a second frame member insertion element so as to hold said splice firmly in spot. In this case, a fixed roof mount is the easiest and most expense-efficient option. Clenergy ezRack ECO Rail Kit – two x 4200mm Rails Pair of Clenergy ezRack ECO rails, every getting 4200mm lengthy – appropriate for mounting 4 x 60 cell solar panels (~1000mm width). This efficiently splits the solar panel into 2 smaller sized panels of 50% capacity, which operate in parallel. Monocrystalline solar panels are slightly higher in efficiency than polycrystalline panels since each and every utilizes a distinct manufacturing strategy. For numerous the higher expense of the these premium N-type solar panels ($1 or much more per W) is outweighed by the higher efficiency which ranges from 20 to 22.6%, improved functionality at greater temperatures and minimal light induced degradation (LID), which implies a lot larger power yield over the life of the panel. All Terragrifs are studied and realized according to the mounting technique and photovoltaic panels. Instead of installing rails and then mounting the solar panels to them, your solar provider will set up a series of mounts that will connect with the constructed-in mounting hardware on your solar panels.

He thinks a couple of hundred dollars is a modest value to spend to squeeze a bit more power out of these precious solar panels. Then we’ll dive into our suggestions of the very best solar mounts & racking goods on the marketplace in 2020. Screwed to the trapezoidal roof in the very same way as pitched trapezoidal roofs, these frames allow you to pitch your solar PV panels for optimum efficiency. The solar panel stand legs have holes spaced out about each and every 2.five inches so that the angle of the stand can effortlessly be adjusted. After you have determined how many panels your internet site can manage, and the rails essential to hold the panels, the last step is choosing the clamps that safe the modules to the frame. The right solar mount will appropriately position your solar panels and preserve them safe. Flush mounting solar panels to the roof of a developing is not advised. Choice two: 5.04kW Q-Cells solar method making use of 19 X Enphase M215 micro inverters and consists of the gateway to monitor power production. Measure the length and width of the surface on which you intend to location the solar panels. With adjustable tilt angles from 10°-60° this mounting system can simply tilt a excellent specific angle with roof, it offers outstanding adaptability not only to a wide variety of flat roof PV mounting projects but also some sloped roof solar mounting projects. Even so, if your ground-mounted program is also in a position to produce a lot more power, then this extra cost can be offset over time. All solar panel frames need to be electrically bonded to the mounting frame and then the entire mounting frame should be earthed utilizing a heavy duty cable as prescribed by Australian Requirements. At Solar Electric Provide, we assure buyers with the satisfaction of knowing that these producers have developed mounting structures with the intentions of producing installation expense effective and easy. Silicon primarily based modules: aluminum frames and junction boxes are dismantled manually at the starting of the method. Pole mounted solar systems support multiple solar panels on a single pole and elevate panels greater off the ground than a standard ground mount. Module electrical connections are created in series to obtain a preferred output voltage or in parallel to offer a preferred current capability (amperes) of the solar panel or the PV method. Nevertheless, over the last 2 years the cost of mono wafers has dropped substantially and most makers have now shifted back to making use of mono cells. Detailed reviews and info of the ideal solar panels, inverters and batteries. The second factor to keep in thoughts with the versatile solar panels is that if they are mishandled the cells in them will most likely begin to crack. See more details in the complete overview of the most efficient solar panels obtainable. three. The floating assistance structure of claim 2, wherein when stated the frame members are connected, secondary walkways are defined in an location amongst connected adjoining array modules and typically oriented in an East- West direction. Even though there are roof solar mounts that will track the sunlight and swivel to keep the panels oriented properly, these solar panel mounts are quite high-priced and tough to install. The Solar Roof system has mounting accessories made for use on practically each roof cladding accessible with special railExcellent Compatibility. Uncover out about recent innovations such as PERC, half-size cells, multi busbars and wise panels. Cast mono cells have been around for a although but only not too long ago been adopted by many big panel producers like Canadian Solar, Jinko & GCL. The non-penetrating mounting will distribute the weight of your solar panels evenly on both sides of your roof and the laws of physics hold it there. Every property solar panel has its own particular measurement so seek advice from the panel’s specification sheet for the solar modules you are considering. Upsolar is committed to offering a variety of higher high quality mono- and polycrystalline PV modules by way of their vertically integrated manufacturing platforms. Ballasted footing mounts, such as concrete or steel bases that use weight to safe the solar module program in position and do not demand ground penetration. Alternatively you can use our sliding or split jaw side mounts to generate exterior side rails amongst your bimini’s finish frames. The solar mounting technique gives the base of your solar method, making sure its efficiency and your return of investment.

By combining a heritage of excellence in German engineering with American innovation, in 2011 Renusol America introduces the groundbreaking, American-produced Renusol CS60- the very first one piece mounting system for PV panels. No matter whether a solar roof mount, ground mount, leading of pole mount, side of pole mount, tower mount or solar carport, we can accommodate your requirements. 7,758,011 entitled Adjustable Mounting Assembly for Standing Seam Panels” which issued to Haddock on Jul. For use on ships, PV modules or solar panels require to be installed correctly utilizing specialised mounting frames. You will also require to develop a frame for your solar cells and the frame will be the base for your DIY solar panel, so that is where a hand saw will come as a lot more than handy. Altering the tilt angle of an array to account for seasonal changes in sun altitude is not necessary. Keep in mind that there are various solar mounts utilized for each and every application: flush mounting for roofs, solar pole mounts , and solar ground mounts. Distinct requirements exist for the roof mounting of solar systems. In the course of the summer time solar panels can frequently lay flat on the ground and make about 90% of the power that they would make if they were up on the rack. The complete mounting technique costs about the exact same as getting another one hundred-watt solar panel but in the course of the winter the solar stand helps make twice as much power. Most solar panels for rooftop solar installations are created up of 60 solar cells, even though the normal for industrial solar installations is 72 cells (and can go up to 98 cells or more). The next step then is to calculate the total quantity of solar modules we want to mount at our web site. This sort of mounting system is properly suited for sites exactly where excavation is not achievable such as capped landfills and simplifies decommissioning or relocation of solar module systems. In addition, if your home utilizes a lot of electricity, your roof might not be huge sufficient for a solar power method that meets your electrical energy requirements. Pole Mounts let you to adjust the tilt angle to maximize your energy output all through the seasons. Now solar panels are so cheap relative to a couple of years ago South pacing panels can make sense in Australia. An adjustable roof mount with tilt angles up to 45 degrees for maximum solar overall performance. Discarded powder-coated bed-frames (normally 2″ angle) are also most helpful for this type of exercising ~ and with a bit of imagination can be used as a base for an tilt-adjustable string of panels. MT Solar pole mounts are yet another fantastic selection. As solar panels makers often seek approaches to minimize expenses, solution style is of course influenced by this objective. With the assist of the internet and our personal ingenuity we built an straightforward transportable, collapsible, and storable solar panel mount out of absolutely nothing but PVC and zip ties. There are a lot of elements determining the kind of solar mounting best suited for your residence or enterprise. Landpower Landscape Ballasted Solar Mounting is applicable to huge scale flat roof module installation. I have the solar panels and 24 Lead acid batteries(100Amph every single) to power the residence at day and evening. The pole will probably place the panels six or a lot more feet up in the air and let you preserve that ground space. Each fastening program 29 includes a roof clamp 31 and a catch or mounting bracket 33. Before you start arranging the cells, linking damaging to constructive components as you go, you may think about generating small frames in the quantity of cells you have and inside of the primary frame of your template. The Terragrif is held by the anchoring of the claws in the frame material and mounting technique. Solar mounts are not just utilised to preserve solar panels in location in the course of windy conditions. Trackers are ground mounts that adjust automatically, making sure your panels constantly face straight at the sun. Ground mount systems demand suitable land space, and they appear industrial. We have selected various brands of solar panels with diverse frame thickness, from 31 mm to 50 mm to submit them to a mechanical resistance test. Together with structural engineers, the solar panel business has looked for effective structural frames that are light in weight and expense efficient to set up, construct and that are capable to carry the weight of the solar panel technique. One particular kind of passive tracker is driven by a closed Freon program that causes the tracker to adhere to the sun with adequate accuracy for flat-plate PV modules, such as the Zomeworks In higher wind areas a powered tracker could be preferred.

The Solar PV panels frames need to have to be bespoked for the mounting method so there is a restricted decision of panels with these set ups. For example, in 1 aspect, a simplified installation motion is employed to engage an auxiliary component, such as a photovoltaic panel assembly, with a mounting hook. If we crunch the numbers with my favored cost-free, on-line solar energy analysis tool, PV Watts , then we can speedily operate out that 3kW of north facing solar panels at the excellent angle of 34° will make 11.9kWh per day averaged over 1 year. These varieties of mounts are normally utilized for homes that have way too considerably shade on the southern roof exposure and a sunny northern exposure. A single well-installed pole is capable of holding a surprisingly large quantity of solar panels—at occasions, up to as numerous as sixteen. And that does not include obtaining the further star knobs, flange nuts or anything to mount the panels to every single set of stand legs. We are offering Solar Panel Mounting Structure GI & Painted to our respected customers which are situated all round the nation. In addition to continuous feedback from our solar specialists in Australia, the US and about the world, the clean energy testimonials team invite all solar industry pros and installers to give your feedback (constructive or adverse) from knowledge with any modules. We design and manufacture solar panel help frames that ideal fits your PV modules mounting. This mounting technique makes it possible for for decommissioning or relocation of solar panel systems with no adverse effect on the roof structure. This is a great explanation to develop a Ground mount array frame if feasible, this enables maximum air flow and ease of cleaning. The size of solar panels tends to make them nicely suited to be installed vertically on most roofs. Frames can be manually adjustable so that the solar panels can be tilted up for much more exposure in the winter time when the sun is lower in the sky. Installation is incredibly straightforward and swift, which is specially useful to remote internet sites with the option of Roof Mount or Ground Mount systems being available. The mount is only compatible with Renogy 80W and 100W solar panels. In these instances, tilt legs can be utilised to adjust the panels to the appropriate angle. The world’s most effective and ideal performing solar panels are manufactured by SunPower and LG using IBC N-kind monocrystalline silicon cells and though they are the most expensive, they are with no doubt the most reliable and highest good quality panels available. Even though the mounts themselves are fairly inexpensive, they can cost a quite penny to be installed. The cells are assembled into modules by laminating them to a transparent colourless fluoropolymer on the front side (typically ETFE or FEP ) and a polymer appropriate for bonding to the final substrate on the other side. As extended your roof has sufficient space to match the method size you are right after and it has good sun exposure, preferably facing due North in Australia, a roof-mounted solar PV technique is the appropriate decision for you. Right here are the best five companies that supply ground-mounted solar panels. Source high top quality solar help frame from our fantastic selection of reliable solar assistance frame manufacturing factories. A standard ground mount uses a easy metal frame to help the weight of the rest of the system. Note: panel and cell temperature is also effected by roof color, tilt angle and wind speed, so mounting panels flat on a very dark rooftop will generally minimize panel functionality compared to lighter colored rooftops. Also, due to the fact it is off the ground I will not kill any grass beneath my solar panels because hot solar panels will kill the grass beneath them when laying on the ground. A nicely made solar help structure is of paramount importance to the extended term performance of any solar method. Emerging, third generation solar technologies use sophisticated thin-film cells. However with no the strength of an aluminium frame double glass panels, even though a lot more durable, are not as stiff and can appear to flex or bow, specifically when mounted flat or horizontal. The solar mounts can be positioned in most sections of your property, and they’re built to provide a firm hold that stands up to high levels of wind throughout operation. A photovoltaic program typically involves an array of photovoltaic modules, an inverter , a battery pack for energy storage, charge controller, interconnection wiring, circuit breakers, fuses, disconnect switches, voltage meters, and optionally a solar tracking mechanism.

With 5 solar panels on the stand that would mean that the solar panels would weigh 80lbs on the low end. If your roof isn’t positioned to permit this, then ground panels can be a very good alternative. You will want to use a ruler and a pencil to draw the lines so that you would later know how to separate your solar cells and get the maximal efficiency out of your material. One particular of the frames initially engaging at least 1 of the hooks of at least a very first of the catches and then getting rotated to a position against at least a second of the catches whereafter the second catch is laterally slid relative to the initial catch and photovoltaic panel so as to engage the second frame with at least 1 of the hooks of the second catch, the second catch subsequently becoming removably secured. Roof Runner are quite pleased to introduce our brand new Solar Steel SS UB Ultra base PV support technique. Note that some systems demand optimistic earthing and most need unfavorable earthing, depending on the variety of solar panels and inverter combinations utilised. If you’ve got a roof, and it does not face south and it is not completely shaded he’ll bang the panels on, and move on to the next job. A ground-mounted program is just what it sounds like – a system of solar panels that are mounted on the ground on your house, rather than on the roof of your home. IronRidge customers appreciate that they can count on their solar panel mounts. You can even make your template waterproof by employing some water resistant paint and paint the board you are using as a base for your solar panel. Must I get get tilt frames installed – some say yes and other folks no – so i dont know who to believe. The complete wood solar panels help frame in the video above was completed with a spending budget of much less than $200. Scientists from Spectrolab, a subsidiary of Boeing , have reported development of multi-junction solar cells with an efficiency of far more than 40%, a new world record for solar photovoltaic cells. Practically nothing exasperates me more than seeing panels installed by so-named professionals that have tilt frames to add a few degrees of tilt on a roof that is currently tilted North at about 15 Degrees, or twisted at an angle across the roof to aim slightly much more Northwards. He is only satisfied if the solar panel is positioned for the absolute optimum power output – he is a perfectionist, hugely technical, and has been in the sector considering that the dawn of solar, when solar panels price 10 times what they do today. Prior to you take your solar panel out and place it where planned, you will again require to use the multimeter to test the amperage and voltage of your solar cells. Fitting and Installation Service: In addition to a fitting service for motorhome and caravan solar panel kits we also install a wide range of accessories via our sister business the Motorhome Workshop, like Gas Systems , Generators , Reversing Cameras , WiFi and a lot more. In order to assemble the solar cells effectively, just like with linking batteries, you will have to connect damaging with constructive sides. In that spirit, we are presenting a brief and simple-to-follow tutorial on how to make your personal solar panels and start off providing your house with eco-friendly and price-effective alternative that could even come as handy in many SHTF scenarios. Solar electric panel arrays for stand-alone systems are installed in numerous special and revolutionary ways. If it’s very windy I will add the third crossbeam to the whole stand and then use the center grommets on the solar panels along with the ball bungees to aid the panels not flap about. Aluminum solar panel frames are utilized in mixture with aluminum mounting brackets to offer sufficient assistance to solar panels. HJT solar cells use a base of typical crystalline silicon with extra thin film layers of amorphous silicon on either side of the cell forming what is recognized as the heterojunction. With GEM Energy you can rest assured that your solar mounting program is secure, custom fitted and will final you for decades to come. If you laid the panels flat on your south facing roof and it has a 22.five degree tilt, then for each kilowatt of capacity they would create an typical of 2.64 kilowatt-hours a day. To make matters worse a sailing vessel is very space constrained, and huge solar panels will simply encroach upon boat operations and crew comfort. Direct mount: The panels are attached directly to the roof. An additional strategy is to integrate flexible solar panels into a Bimini or spray dodgers as shown above – see video under.

So, virtually, this is the base of your solar panel and there will be some measuring involved as you require to make a template of where your solar cells will be placed. The metals in solar PV racking and mounting systems can be faced with corrosion if wrong metals are used with each other. Also shingled cells are comparatively cheap to manufacture so they can be a very expense powerful higher efficiency choice, specifically if partial shading is an problem. Although not highly substantial, cooling air flow beneath your solar panels does also support minimize solar panel temperature and this will increase electricity output overall performance by the solar panel. One key benefit of making use of a ground mount is that the panels are readily accessible for maintenance and cleaning. A lot of components employed in the Triangle Tilt Mounting Technique can be purchased individually, these components are listed beneath. The system is infinitely expandable to suit arrays of any size and can be employed for either roof or ground mount installations and can accommodate most frame kind solar modules using a basic clamping arrangement. A steeper tilt angle captures far more energy in the winter and also sheds snow off the panels. When property owners believe of installing a solar energy technique on their house, rooftop solar is possibly the 1st point to come to thoughts. SunPower P19 series panels uses the verticle shingled cell format up to 405Wp. Q cells had been the first in incorporate PERC technology into mulitcrystalline cells but use the name Q.antum for their variety of PERC modules. 1st, pole mounts take up significantly less ground space than ground mounts do. Think about possessing the pole of a basketball hoop setup somewhere in the middle of your yard—it’s a lot much less obtrusive than a full frame spread out more than a big section of land. One benefit of a pole mount is that it can incorporate a tracking technique , which allows the panels to comply with the sun more than the course of the day, offering much more time in direct sunlight, and hence much more power made. Even so, frameless modules provide many advantages particularly in regards to cleaning, with no frame to catch dirt and dust the frameless modules when tilted or flat are a lot less difficult to clean and are much more inclined to help from wind and rain to self-clean which results in greater solar output. Versatile thin film cells and modules are designed on the exact same production line by depositing the photoactive layer and other necessary layers on a flexible substrate If the substrate is an insulator (e.g. polyester or polyimide film) then monolithic integration can be used. Along with an aluminum solar panel frame are other solar panel components that can be used in conjunction with the aluminum solar frames and solar panel parts. End clamps set up on the outer edges of the array, and mid clamps set up among columns of panels. The systems now identified call for the connection and assembly of array units on the water, and mooring systems leave big scale arrays vulnerable to damage from wind and wave action. Soon after you are accomplished with gluing all the lines of solar cells you have, you will need to solder the wires you have connected. The continual devaluation of the rand has opened opportunities for nearby manufacturing and distribution of solar mounting systems. If you don’t feel comfy drilling holes into your roof, or your lease agreement does not permit roof penetrations (as is the case for our flagship Wholesale Solar office), you can go with a ballasted roof mount. If it is windy I will typically add a third crossbeam in the middle just to make the stand stronger and give the solar panels much more support. If you program on having a solar tracker incorporated as portion of your solar power method, it is a excellent idea to take into account ground or, much better however, pole-mounted mounts for your system. Best-mount clamps are the most widespread attachment strategy, and support modules between9″ and just more than two.”. Know the thickness of your modules and pick the corresponding finish clamps, mid clamps or cap strips for the finishing component of the set up. Right here we highlight several of the most current solar panel and PV cell technologies presented by the top companies. Solar shingles and creating-integrated PV (BIPV) are component of the next wave in solar panels and solar mounting. Bifacial solar technology has been available for many years but is beginning to turn out to be common as the expense to manufacture the extremely high quality monocrystalline cells essential continues to decrease.

Two rows of solar panels would require 4 rails… unless you’re using a shared rail technique. Panel output is rated at a cell temperature of 25 degree Celcius STC (Standard Test Situations) and every single degree above this slightly reduces energy output. Our Mounting Frames are Aluminium and are anodised to make confident your panels stay neatly and safely secured. Supplied with marine-grade steel mount frames able to withstand the harshest conditions at sea. For example, a solar frame will vary in strength based on its intended use and the weight of the panels it will hold. We generally pair these with the Swift Mount QBase low slope flashings , which are code compliant for flat or low-slope roofs. If you have adequate space obtainable, you can mount your panels in a specially engineered rack structure affixed to the ground. We have a range of ground, roof and pole mount solar panel assistance frame for the PV modules. There is a lot of shade on the north side of the roof, so the panels will go toward the southern side of the house and carport. To lift your array off the ground, you can also mount your panels on the top of a sturdy pole. In a 6 kilowatt solar installation created up of 20 solar panels, the panels alone will weigh around 800 pounds (20 panels x 40 lbs). It is a delicate and at times hazardous process that is a lot more time consuming than installing panels on pole or ground mounts. Our suppliers’ put their solar mounting equipment through vigorous testing at areas like the James Cook University who place solar panels, mounting frames and fixings through low-high-low (LHL) cyclic load testing which emulates the swiftly oscillating up-and-down forces of cyclonic regions. Solar Panels in the basic sense work by converting accessible sunlight into usable electrical energy. Shipment delays and minimum order quantities has additional ready the market place for a local manufacturer to provide the African markets with top quality and inexpensive solar mounting systems. Even though they have been confirmed to function properly when ground mounted over light sandy surfaces and are also in a position to achieve up to 10% higher output even on light coloured rooftops when tilted. A shared-rail technique takes two rows of solar panels and removes a single of those rails, leaving you with three: a best, middle, and bottom rail. 435 solar panel assistance frame items are supplied for sale by suppliers on , of which solar mounting method accounts for 11%, solar energy method accounts for 4%, and aluminum profiles accounts for 3%. A wide selection of solar panel support frame options are accessible to you, such as decorations, transportation tools. 0033 These and other objects and benefits are achieved by the assistance structure, assembly system, deployment technique, and mooring and anchoring method of the inventive floating solar panel array of the present invention. It weighs right about 15lbs with out the solar panels attached. Do some research on your own, and talk to your local solar provider to uncover out how ground-mounted solar panels can best support you meet your home’s energy demands. A current report by the U.S. Department of Energy’s National Renewable Energy Laboratory (NREL) advisable that customers examine as numerous solar options as attainable to stay away from paying inflated prices supplied by the big installers in the solar sector. Typically, the a lot more power your home requires, the a lot more inverters your solar contractor will set up to convert the proper amount of energy. 16 shows a south interior mooring connection, wherein the continuous line 116d is routed from a mooring buoy (not shown) by means of a pulley 298 mounted on a mounting plate 300 affixed to the end of a N-S frame member in the southwest quadrant of an array field. Even so, REC group just released the new Alpha series panels which use HJT cells with 16 micro busbars (16BB) to obtain an impressive 21.7% efficiency. On the other hand, majority agrees that installations for fully functional solar panels are bit pricy, so not everyone can afford utilizing solar energy. Ground solar panels can be installed anyplace you have open space on your property. Solar panel efficiency can be calculated by MPP (maximum energy point) worth of solar panels. Right after all, if your solar panels are not positioned and installed appropriately, you’ll not only have a solar method that’s much less efficient, you may leave your solar panels vulnerable to damage. Solar Panel Frames are our specialty. We found a Youtube video showing a portable solar mount created out of PVC pipe and we just knew it was a fantastic concept.

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